Putting items into your garbage bin for landfill should be a last resort after you have tried to avoid, reduce, reuse and recycle.
Your green household garbage bin is emptied by a garbage truck and taken to a landfill facility, located in Lyndhurst. Here garbage is deposited in a ‘cell’ and compacted before being covered each day to prevent odour and vermin.
Landfills are the last option in waste management as, once rubbish is deposited, it can’t be reused or recycled. However, they are still a necessity to manage waste that currently cannot be reused or recycled.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is the Victorian regulator for waste and it applies very strict regulations to landfills including licenses, policies, operating parameters and environmental monitoring.
Buried rubbish in landfills produces methane, a potent gas which is harmful to the environment. Where possible, methane is collected from the landfill through pipes and used to generate electricity.
When a landfill reaches capacity it is sealed or ‘capped’ with a thick layer of clay before being covered in several layers of soil, including topsoil, before being revegetated. Old landfill sites are often used as parklands and open spaces.