The City of Greater Dandenong contains a diverse range of native flora, fauna and habitat types including heathlands, red gum woodlands, wetlands and waterways.
This diverse range of native flora, fauna and habitat types within the municipality are also under threat from a range of introduced pest plants and animals.
The City of Greater Dandenong is committed to protecting and enhancing the diversity of flora and fauna within the municipality.
Flora and fauna
Flora and fauna that comes from Australia is called native. Native plants and animals that are from a specific area (for example, Dandenong) are known as indigenous to that area. Parks and bushland areas within the City of Greater Dandenong are excellent places to find local indigenous flora and fauna.
Areas of remnant vegetation are representative of the kind of environment that used to exist in the municipality prior to European settlement. Much of the remnant bushland that exists within the City of Greater Dandenong is highly endangered due to widespread clearing for farming, roads, housing and industrial developments; so the preservation of what is left is extremely important. Protecting remnant bushland is imperative for the conservation of endangered local flora and fauna species, and to protect indigenous heritage.
The City of Greater Dandenong occurs within the Gippsland Plain Bioregion and a range of Ecological Vegetation Classes occur across the municipality.
Pest plants and animals
Pest plants and animals pose a terrible threat to native plants and animals due to their ability to change and destroy habitats. The number one cause of native animal extinctions in Australia is competition from pest plants and predation from introduced animals.
Threatened ecosystems located within the City of Greater Dandenong are also under threat from pest plant and animals. In Australia pest plants and animals pose the third biggest threat to threatened ecosystems and the second largest threat to rivers, streams and wetlands.