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Waste and Recycling

Waste and Recycling

Compost Bins and Worm Farms

On average, 40 per cent of rubbish sent to landfill is food waste. You can make a difference by composting your food scraps or by using a worm farm.

Composting and worm farming have many benefits for the environment such as:

  • improving soil structure
  • increasing the ability of soil to retain moisture
  • reducing weed emergence and erosion

Composting and Worm Farming

On average 40% of waste created in the home consists of food scraps! Composting and worm farming transform these waste food scraps into a natural fertiliser that will enrich the soil.

Rubbish tips in Melbourne are rapidly filling up and the cost of waste disposal is increasing. Composting and worm farming helps reduce the amount of waste going to landfill.

Which do I need - a compost bin or a worm farm?

A key consideration is that a compost bin needs both food scraps and garden waste to work effectively, while a worm farm can only take food scraps. Worm farms are perfect for people with limited space.

How do I compost or worm farm?

Residents who would like to learn more about composting or worm farms are encouraged to attend any of Council's workshops that are held regularly throughout the year (see below for more information).

For further information setting up a composting, worm farming and/or a Bokashi system please visit the Sustainability Victoria website.

What else can I do to reduce food waste going to landfill?

It is better to reduce the food waste your household produces in the first instance. Proper menu planning, safe food storage practices and using up leftovers can ensure that you waste less food. 

For tips on reducing food waste visit Sustainability Victoria’s Love Food Hate Waste campaign.

For more information 

Download Easy Guide to Composting (PDF - 849KB)

Download Easy Guide to Worm Farming (PDF - 948KB) 


Composting model showing the layers in a compost bin - fresh material, partly rotted, compost, to sticks and sand at the bottom

Compost and worm farming workshops

Council regularly run composting and worm farming workshops which will teach residents everything they need to know about composting and worm farming and the benefits in reducing food waste.

Alternatively, residents who already have a system set up can find out how to make it work even better!

Read more about Council's environmental events


More information

For more information about composting and worm farming contact Council’s Waste Education Officer.